Shamsul Rizal Haji Mohd Rosedi, Haji Mohd Asri Md. Sap


The objective of this paper is to evaluate students’ level of motivation in the online distance learning (ODL) class of the Mata Pelajaran Umum (MPU) subjects during the period of Movement Control Order (MCO) in Malaysia. The global pandemic of COVID-19 has made maritime institutions in Malaysia shifted to the online distance learning for lesson delivery and assessments. This drastic shift posed immense challenges to educators and students since both parties were not fully prepared for ODL either pedagogical or technical thus may have affected their preparedness, focus, and most importantly, motivation in learning. Hence, a study was conducted on second year nautical students focusing on their motivation when learning Co-Curriculum 2 (Corporate Social Responsibility) and Professional Ethics subjects of the MPU (Mata Pelajaran Umum) via ODL mode, which also integrated ALAM Learning Management System (LMS) for the first time ever. The findings of the quantitative study which used Keller’s ARCS Model of Motivation and involved 136 respondents showed that there was a high level of student motivation in both subjects. Furthermore, the study also reported significance correlations between lecturers’ interesting teaching techniques with student satisfaction; and students’ active class participation with student engagement. These findings help maritime institutions to improve their ODL preparedness and delivery while sustaining student’s motivation at the optimum level. 


student motivation, online distance learning, Mata Pelajaran Umum, learning management system

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